Interval Signals

 Bizim Radio (clandestine) Turkey, (1989)

 Deutschlandfunk – Home Service (1974)

 ELWA, Liberia, (1975)

 Korean Central Broadcasting Station, North Korea (2005)

 Mother Vietnam – Clandestine (1971)

 Murmansk Radio, Russia (1975)

 Radio Berlin International – final English broadcast (1990)

 Radio Ceylon, Sri Lanka (1965)

 Utvarp Föroya, Faroe Islands (2000)

 Radio Greenland, Greenland (1961)

 Radio Ulan Bator -External Service (1979)

 Rikisutvarpid, Iceland (1965)

 Swedish Radio P1, Sweden, (1975)




You Are Not Alone,
Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford.
Modern Art Oxford


Strange sounds at the Radcliffe.
BBC Oxford News


You Are Not Alone, Haus des Rundfunks,
north wing, Berlin, 2011


You Are Not Alone, Haus des Rundfunks,
south wing, Berlin, 2011


Memorial service for broadcaster Dr. Adolf Raskin,
attended by Joseph Goebbels, at Haus des Rundfunks in Berlin.
Die Deutsche Wochenschau. November 20, 1940

Haus des Rundfunks,
Berlin, 2011.
radio transmission.
31 minutes.

You Are Not Alone

Guglielmo Marconi suggested that sounds once generated never die, they fade but they continue to reverberate as sound waves across the universe. I began to think about radio as a medium to tune into the immense range of sounds echoing across the universe and also as a medium to transmit sounds to distant places. You Are Not Alone is an instrumental sound installation that is broadcast on HF radio frequencies. The work was initially installed as a four-channel broadcast at the Radcliffe Observatory in Oxford in 2009 and later as a stereo broadcast at the Haus des Rundfunks in Berlin in 2011. For this work I recorded a number of radio interval signals on a vibraphone. A radio interval signal is a brief musical sequence that is usually played before the commencement or during breaks in radio transmission. The format was developed in the 20’s and 30’s as a musical signature to identify the particular radio station being listened to, and even though the use of interval signals has declined with the advent of digital radio, it has not vanished completely. The sounds of the interval signals vary, Faroe Islands, the Voice of the People of Ho Chi Minh City, Radio Berlin International, Radio Freedom, but the most common are ones that use a sort of chime, like wind chimes, which can sound really beautiful; distant and melancholy.

Haus des Rundfunks, Berlin

The Haus des Rundfunks is a leading example of Neue Sachlichkeit architecture and when it opened in 1931 it was one of the first self-contained broadcasting houses in the world. It has an amazing atrium and the acoustics are very special. We negotiated with the management to install a temporary version of You Are Not Alone on the occassion of the Berlin Gallery Weekend in 2011. It was a great privelige to work with professional broadcasters, to use their equipment and to exhibit in such a historically significant location. During the Second World War the building came under the control of the Nazi party and it became known as the Broadcasting Headquarters of Greater Germany or Großdeutscher Rundfunk. After the war it was liberated by Russian troops and even though it was located in the British sector it was physically segregated from the rest of West Berlin and remained under Soviet control until it was handed over in 1956. From 1957 to 2003 it housed the broadcasting station Sender Freies Berlin, which had an important influence on the development of Stereophonic broadcasting. Taking these things into consideration I adapted the work for the Haus des Rundfunks. For example this version was broadcast in stereo and the transmission began with a version of the final signal from Radio Berlin International, the radio station in former East Berlin, and ended with the signal from Sender Freies Berlin, the station that was originally broadcast from this house.